According to a survey, 83% of undergraduate students believe that university education is not affordable. In Pakistan, any student who has good intellect either opts to become a doctor or an engineer. On the engineering side, the problem of youth unemployment is grave and is not being addressed. Multiple reasons identified or popularly blamed for this problem are weakening economy, political instability, lesser engineering job opportunities, social, gender and geographical issues. Despite knowing about this problem, some students still do engineering merely due to peer pressure. But the real question is, are universities just sneaking around without reading the modern requirements and skill sets expected from fresh graduates?
Presently, Pakistan has 208.57 million habitants, with a 1.98% population growth rate. As the population is increasing rapidly, the problem of the student to teacher ratio is amplifying. Inflation rate is increasing at 10.74% compared to the previous year and many aspiring students want to pursue an advanced degree but they cannot because universities are failing their students when it comes to professional life. An estimated 7% of the country’s youth, aged between 14 to 24 years is unemployed and the numbers are forecasted to rise even higher. Public universities complain about lack of resources whereas private universities complain about the weakening economy.
In a nutshell, Pakistani universities did not evolve and are satisfied with the ways of their teaching thus scapegoating the modern requirements and expectations from an engineering student.
Many universities can’t upgrade their teaching platforms to digital infrastructure primarily due to lack of resources and expertise. Covid-19 exposed the lacking factor of the generic teaching methodologies as many engineering students were deprived of learning and training for more than a year. Self-paced learning platform with hybrid schemes of studies are the need of the hour today. Where students can learn key skills of modern job requirements more economically and at their own convenience. Pakistani universities will probably embed this scheme of teaching in future as education has evolved and they have to adapt to these changes.As Confucius said, "The key to success is the ability to adapt."